Home Asia China Communist Party Plenum In July To Address Domestic, International Challenges

China Communist Party Plenum In July To Address Domestic, International Challenges

Communist Party

In July, the Chinese Communist Party’s central committee is set to convene for a crucial session known as a plenum, marking the third such meeting since its current group of top decision-makers was elected in 2022. The plenum will concentrate on reforms in the face of domestic “challenges” and international complexities. Plenums are significant occasions in China’s political landscape and necessitate the presence of all central committee members, which includes 205 full members and 171 alternate members, led by President Xi Jinping.

The central committee typically holds seven plenums between party congresses, which are held once every five years. The current central committee members were elected at the last party congress in October 2022.

Further deepening reforms and promoting the modernisation of China will comprise the main agenda of the third plenum, state-run Xinhua news agency reported on Tuesday, citing the party’s elite political bureau, or politburo, during a regular meeting.

Third plenums have been typically held in the autumn since the 1990s. The party was widely expected to hold one in either October or November 2023, but it did not.

The upcoming third plenum will open amid a subdued economy, with the massively indebted property sector, once accounting for a quarter of gross domestic product, a major drag on household sentiment.

The economy still faces many challenges, with “effective demand” still lacking, the pressure on enterprises sizable, and risks and hazards in key areas numerous, Xinhua reported, citing the politburo meeting.

“Domestic circulation is also not smooth, and the complexity, severity and uncertainty of the external environment has obviously increased,” Xinhua reported, adding China’s economic foundation remained stable.


China has not collapsed as predicted by the “China collapse theory,” nor will it peak as forecast by the “China peak theory,” Xi said in March.

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“I have repeatedly emphasised that reform and opening up are crucial tools for contemporary China to catch up with the times. China’s reform will not pause, and its opening-up will not cease,” he said.

“We are planning and implementing a series of significant measures to comprehensively deepen reform.”

Third plenums have typically focused on reforms, after the end of the Cultural Revolution in the late 1970s. Some closed-door meetings have left a long-lasting and historical impact on the economy.

The third plenum in December 1978 under Deng Xiaoping initiated China’s economic reforms, igniting the transformation of the world’s most populous nation from a centrally planned backwater to a global economic powerhouse.

In November 2013 the central committee at a third plenum vowed to let markets play a “decisive” role in allocating resources in the economy.

While a third plenum in February 2018, held atypically early that year, urged the party to “unite closely” around the central committee with Xi at the “core”, and proposed the removal of a constitutional clause limiting presidential service to two terms.

Days later, China’s largely rubber-stamp parliament voted to remove presidential term limits, allowing Xi to stay in office indefinitely.

With Inputs From Reuters